At its simplest, biotechnology is technology based on biology - biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for many years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.
Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
HEAL THE WORLD
Biotech is helping to heal the world by harnessing nature's own toolbox and using our own genetic makeup to heal and guide lines of research by:
Reducing rates of infectious disease;
Saving millions of children's lives;
Changing the odds of serious, life-threatening conditions affecting millions around the world;
Tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects;
Creating more precise tools for disease detection; and
Combating serious illnesses and everyday threats confronting the developing world.
FUEL THE WORLD
Biotech uses biological processes such as fermentation and harnesses biocatalysts such as enzymes, yeast, and other microbes to become microscopic manufacturing plants. Biotech is helping to fuel the world by:
- Streamlining the steps in chemical manufacturing processes by 80% or more;
- Lowering the temperature for cleaning clothes and potentially saving $4.1 billion annually;
- Improving manufacturing process efficiency to save 50% or more on operating costs;
- Reducing use of and reliance on petrochemicals;
- Using biofuels to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 52% or more;
- Decreasing water usage and waste generation; and
- Tapping into the full potential of traditional biomass waste products.
FEED THE WORLD
Biotech improves crop insect resistance, enhances crop herbicide tolerance and facilitates the use of more environmentally sustainable farming practices. Biotech is helping to feed the world by:
- Generating higher crop yields with fewer inputs;
- Lowering volumes of agricultural chemicals required by crops-limiting the run-off of these products into the environment;
- Using biotech crops that need fewer applications of pesticides and that allow farmers to reduce tilling farmland;
- Developing crops with enhanced nutrition profiles that solve vitamin and nutrient deficiencies;
- Producing foods free of allergens and toxins such as mycotoxin; and
- Improving food and crop oil content to help improve cardiovascular health.
Currently, there are more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines available to patients, many for previously untreatable diseases. More than 13.3 million farmers around the world use agricultural biotechnology to increase yields, prevent damage from insects and pests and reduce farming's impact on the environment. And more than 50 biorefineries are being built across North America to test and refine technologies to produce biofuels and chemicals from renewable biomass, which can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Recent advances in biotechnology are helping us prepare for and meet society’s most pressing challenges.
At UTTARANCHAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY we encourage our students to embark on the journey of Biotechnology, making a difference and a positive contribution to science and society. Biotechnology is undoubtedly important for its implications in various sectors of everyday life, utilizing cellular and bio-molecular processes that pave the way for the generation of cutting-edge new technologies and products that help improve life and nature in general. In particular, Biotechnology is the technology that uses living microorganisms to develop or create different products. Examples include the use of yeast in cheese and bread making, and the use of viral vectors for the creation of human vaccines (ie SARS-CoV-2 vaccine). Overall, recent advances in Biotechnology had a positive impact on the production of healthy food, improvement of the medical sector, reducing the world’s environmental footprint, and reducing the rate of infectious diseases. As a result, Biotechnology is widely considered to be the engine of the global economy in the 21st century.
M.Sc. Biotechnology is a course that discusses the higher-level application of technology in biological systems and human science, including food technology. The master’s degree in biotechnology (post-graduation) has a 2 years duration, segmented into 4 semesters.
Jobs in different fields like research, education, and industries are offered for an M.Sc. Biotechnology graduate. The food processing industry has a huge demand for M.Sc. Biotechnology graduates. One can expect an average annual salary of Rs.6,50,000 for his job after MSc Biotechnology.
AREAS OF WORK
Trained biotechnology professionals can explore a plethora of opportunities in academic, research or industry in a number of areas including;
- Disease diagnostic
- Genetic Engineering
- Food and Nutrition
- Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
- Desert Biotechnology
- Industrial Biotechnology
- Cosmetics R and D
- Nano Biotech
- Textile Industry
- Agriculture and Environment biotechnology
Professionals in biotechnology may work in profiles such as:
- Medical Scientists
- Biomedical Engineers
- Biological Technicians
- Medical and Clinical Lab Technicians
- Biomanufacturing Specialists
- Bioproduction Operators
- Process Development Scientists.
The students must hold a B.Sc. degree in Biotechnology/ Biology/ food science/ Microbiology/Nursing or B.Pharma/ BPT/BMIT.
Minimum percentage in qualifying examination should be 50% for general and 45% for reserved category